Regional integration is far from becoming a reality owing to continued imposition of trade restrictions among trading partners as well as the existence of non-tariff barriers.

Non-participation of some member states in trading blocs such as COMESA and unclear industrialisation policies pose a threat to regional integration.

In an effort to build a strong regional integration agenda, countries in the southern part of Africa created SADC while those in the east and west created ECOWAS.

These platforms were celebrated across the continent though the implementation of some of the agreements which have remained elusive as each nation has different policies that need to be in sync with the regional thrust.

COMESA also came on board but some member countries are not part of the grouping which works against the regional integration agenda.

Regional integration if well coordinated can improve economies as well as doing away with the dependency syndrome which most countries in the continent are accustomed to.

Individual member states’ trade restrictions have also remained a major stumbling block.

Currently the SADC region is pushing for the industrialisation of the economies which has been cited as the missing link in attaining the regional integration agenda.

With such challenges working against regional integration, it is incumbent upon leaders of the continent to find a strategic management system that sees all countries pulling together for one vision for a better Africa.