'Climate deal too weak' PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 15 December 2015 17:11

The recently adopted COP21 climate change agreement has been described as weak and insufficient to address the impact of climate change in Africa.

 

Experts say the agreement does not clearly articulate the issues of finance, adaptation and mitigation in African developing countries.


According to a paper published by G77 and China soon after the adoption of the COP21 Paris Agreement, developed countries have succeeded in weakening the convention.


The developed nations escaped from historical responsibilities and managed to shift the additional burden of addressing climate change to developing countries.


The paper states that 2015 forecast by scientists shows that it is the hottest year on record and it is vital to take action urgently.


Deputy Director Climate Change in the Ministry of Environment, Water and Climate  Mrs Veronica Gundu Jakarasi says emphasis of financing in the agreement has been on least developed countries and small islands to which Zimbabwe is not part of leaving out developing countries.


"Africa is concerned that it has been left out. Africa has been avoided in the agreement except once, raising the question of how will developed countries finance Africa when the continent is not recognised," said Mrs Gundu Jakarasi.


Action 24 programme officer Archiebold Chemhere who was also in Paris says the agreement is weak and insufficient as developing countries failed to commit themselves serious to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation financing.


"The agreement was not what Africans were expecting when they were negotiating in Paris. Set goals of limiting the world’s rise in temperature average to well below 2 degrees celsius and limiting temperature increase to 1.5 degrees celsius were not honoured," Mr Chembere said.


The G77 group of developing countries, and nations such as China and India supported the agreement although it has a number of weaknesses.


The agreement that was publicised on Saturday set the goals of limiting the world’s rise in temperature average to well below 2 degrees celsius and limiting temperature increase to 1.5 degrees celsius.


Other measures in the agreement include US$100 billion a year in climate finance for developing countries by 2020, with a commitment to further finance in the future and countries have to review progress every five years.


Analysts say the deal to take effect from 2020 ends decades long rows between the developed and developing countries and it remains to be seen if developed countries will own up and make available easily accessible finance to developing countries for adaptation and mitigation.




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