As the effects of climate change take a toll on agricultural productivity in Africa, the country has not been spared as erratic rainfall patterns are becoming more frequent.
Food security issues have become a topical issue with government being called upon to embark on intensive irrigation rehabilitation programmes to improve productivity.
Speaking at the commissioning of the Rutope Irrigation Scheme in Goromonzi, the Chairman of the Consortium of Farmers, Mr Esau Munyongo said the irrigation scheme is now under reconstruction as critical equipment was vandalised during the land reform programme.
Senator for Uzumba Maramba-Pfugwe, Cde Oriah Kabayanjiri and Member of the House of Assembly for Murehwa South, Cde Simbaneuta Mudarikwa says government should fully support irrigation programmes as a drought mitigation measure.
Though government realises the importance of irrigation programmes, efforts to revive some irrigation projects had collapsed due to sanctions induced economic challenges.
Government recently set up an inter-ministerial committee to lead the rehabilitation of irrigation schemes around the country.
Meanwhile, farmers have been called upon to come up with mechanisms aimed at improving agricultural productivity in line with the changing climatic conditions.
Experts say the effects of climate change are a reality, which will consequently affect food security in developing countries.
They said the prevailing extreme weather conditions pose a serious threat to the agricultural sector.Â
Climate and Sustainable Development Network Officer, Mr Johannes Chigwada said farmers should adapt to the changes and take advantage of crops that require less water.
Zimbabwe is vulnerable to climate change principally through shifting rainfall patterns.
Other potential changes include high temperatures, floods and diminishing river flows.Â
The warmer atmospheric temperatures observed over the past decades are expected to lead to a vigorous hydrological cycle, including extreme rainfall events.
Erosion and soil degradation are likely to occur resulting in poor soil fertility.Â