cop16-cancun-mexico.jpgThe Group of 77 and China have raised concern at the continued increase in emissions by developed countries in Annex 1, despite the Kyoto Protocol that commits industrialised countries to achieve emission reduction targets of six green house gases by an average of 5,2% below 1990 levels.

 

Green house gases inventory data from the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has revealed that developed countries have, for the period between 1990 to 2007, increased by 11,2 percent their emission and they continue to increase their emissions every year – a tendency which goes against the commitments of the Kyoto Protocol to which they are signatory to.

 

In a statement on behalf of the Group of 77 and China, Ambassador Abdulla M. Alsaidi of Yemen at the opening plenary of the 16th Session of the Conference of Parties on Climate Change (COP16) in Cancun, Mexico, said the Group of 77 and China considers that further actions are needed in order to assure the fulfillments of existing commitments of developed countries parties and their compliance.

 

He said one of the key components of Cancun outcome is the provision of finance to assist developing countries to tackle the adverse impacts of climate change.

 

Ambassador Abdulla M. Alsaidi added that the Group of 77 and China would like developed countries to establish a new climate change fund and governance through a percentage of their gross national product (GNP) to address extreme weather problems currently being faced in developing countries.
 
He said the Group of 77 and China firmly believe that whatever outcome might be reached in Cancun, it must not compromise or prejudge the overall objective of reaching a comprehensive, fair, ambitious and legally binding outcome in the future.

 

Speaking on the sidelines of the session, Zimbabwean climate change expert, Mr. Washington Zhakata, echoed ambassador Alsaidi’s sentiments saying all developing countries are agreeable that there is need for countries to follow the Bali Roadmap and Bali Action Plan of 2007, which established a long term cooperative action with a mandate to focus on key elements like mitigation, adaptation, finance and technology transfer.

 

He however said the African group is not certain if much will be achieved in Cancun, considering that developed countries are emphasising on using the Copenhagen Accord as one of the working documents to supplement negotiations text currently being worked on.

 

The contents of the Copenhagen Accord that was signed by close to 75% of the countries of the world are far below the expectations of most African countries including Zimbabwe, as it reduces African countries funding from the proposed USD$200 billion per year to only USD$10 billion.

 

On issues to do with emission, the Copenhagen Accord stipulates that it should be done on a pledge basis where developed countries pledge according to their economic situation and wishes how much emission reduction target they would like to meet after how long to which the developing countries feel it’s not acceptable.

 

While to the disagreement of the Group of 77 and China, the Copenhagen Accord also stipulates that developing countries should also start reducing Green house gases emission in their member countries by a certain percentage despite the fact that their industry is small, growing and that it still need to develop.