climate-change.jpgAs the world prepares for the climate change talks to be held in Mexico this December, African leaders have established a co-coordinating committee that will enable Africa to speak with one voice on climate change issues.

The last UN Framework Convention on Climate Change meeting in Copenhagen, Denmark, was characterized by divisions in the G77 group, with some countries arguing that the rise in global temperature should be kept below 1,5 degrees instead of the proposal to keep the margin below 2 degrees.

 

There was also no agreement as to how much should be paid for mitigation on capacity building over issues around climate change and technology transfer  by the developed countries to developing countries.

 

Environment and Natural Resources Management Minister, Cde Francis Nhema said in all the preparatory meetings being held before Mexico, African leaders have said it is imperative that all countries speak with one voice at the negotiations unlike the situation that prevailed in Copenhagen.

Cde. Nhema said the African leaders agreed that the African Development Bank (ADB) can be used as a green bank to receive and distribute funds for climate change mitigation measure.

 

The key issues at the negotiations are that African governments are seeking predictable and reliable financing to mitigate against the effects of climate change, technology transfer and capacity building as outlined in the Kyoto Protocol which is set to expire in 2012.

 

Director in the Climate Change Office, Mr Washington Zhakata said his office is working on a number of preparatory meetings throughout the country to try and hear people’s views before the climate change team leaves to represent Zimbabwe at the climate change meeting in Mexico.

The Copenhagen Summit held last year failed to reach a conclusive deal and expectation is high that COP16 scheduled for Mexico would at least lay a good foundation for countries to agree on a climate change deal soon.

 

The Kyoto Protocol which came into effect in 1997 is seen as an important first step towards a truly global emission reduction regime that will stabilise green house gas emissions and provides the essential architecture for any future international agreement on climate change.

 

By the end of the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol in 2012, a new international framework needs to have been negotiated and ratified that can deliver the stringent emission reductions.