Climate experts say unless developed countries agree to transfer appropriate technology in addressing the new conditions of life in the face if climate change, Africa will suffer the worst from the phenomenon.
The transfer of technologies will be one of the critical issues which will take centre stage when the world converges in Durban for this yearâ€™s United Nations Framework Convention Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference.
Climate expert, Mr Washington Zhakata and Regional Environmental Organisation Director, Mr Sherpard Zvigadza said until the developed countries with greater contribution to the climate change problem agree to own up and make technologies available to developing countries to assist in managing the impact of climate change and in transiting to low carbon economies, developing countries such as Zimbabwe will continue to suffer.
â€œAfricaâ€™s position at this yearâ€™s climate change meeting is that until technology transfer is effected, countries are not required to accept greenhouse gas emissions targets by developed countries,â€ said Mr Zvigadza.
Environment and Natural Resources Management Minister Francis Nhema said adaptation, financing and technology transfer are key to reducing the impact of climate change, adding that though some of these technologies are currently being researched and developed, others already exist but are not yet readily available.
Technology transfer largely remained stalled from the ratification of the UNFCCC in
1992 through to the Bali Conference of the Parties in 2007.
Since Bali, however, it has become clear that further progress on reducing climate change will depend on technology transfer.
Some of the climate change appropriate technology includes water treatment technologies for desalination and irrigation, or agricultural solutions to changing or reduced crop cycles.
Other relevant technologies include protection from hotter temperatures through building materials or aeration techniques, from higher sea-levels through protective walls or other measures, from the spread of diseases such as malaria and dengue fever.