The high level Group of 77 and China calling on the international community to work towards an agreement in Cancun, Mexico,Â to speedily alleviate people who are suffering from adverse effects of climate change.
The high level segment officially opened at the Climate change conference in Cancun, with Heads of state and governments, deputy Heads of state and governments and ministers presenting their statements.
In a statement on behalf of the Group of 77 and China, Head of delegation of the Republic of Yemen, Mr. Abdulrahman Fadel Aleryani, said Cancun must succeed and nations must put their heads together to reach an agreement so that they save lives.
He said a case in point would be the recent landslides and torrential rains in Venezuela, Colombia, Saint Lucia and other places in the developing world that have killed many and forced thousands more from their homes.
The Group stresses that balance between the two main negotiating tracks, of Ad hoc Working Group on the Kyoto Protocol and Ad hoc Working Group on Long Term Cooperative Action (AWG-KP and AWG-LCA,) must be respected in order to further the central goal of attaining the second and subsequent commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol for a period beyond 2012.
The Group of 77 and China also said whatever outcome to be reached in Cancun must not compromise or prejudge the overall objective of reaching a comprehensive, fair, ambitious and legally binding outcome in the future that is based on the principle of transparency.
Speaking on the sidelines of the official opening of the high level segment, Zimbabweâ€™s Environment and Natural Resources Management Minister, Cde Francis Nhema, said to date countries have taken positions with Annex 1 countries insisting that they will not consider the phase two of the Kyoto Protocol requirements of reduction of emissions until and unless countries in the G77 and China like South Africa, Brasil andÂ India, among others, are included on the list of countries who are supposed to cut emissions and fund adaptation projects in developing countries.
Cde Nhema said G77 and China however feel strongly that the two issues should be separated as the current negotiations are considering emissions that were done 50 years ago that have resulted in climate change and global warming, a period well before South Africa, Brazil, China and India were major polluters.
He however said failure to reach an agreement in Cancun has negative effects on developing countries like Zimbabwe who are vulnerable and less prepared for adaptation and mitigation as they lack the funding and technology.
Cde Nhema said Zimbabwe, due to resource constraints, is still battling with the effects of Cyclone Elline that happened several years back, while developed countries when hit with such disasters have the resources to easily and quickly adapt.